Cure For Honey Bee Colony Collapse?
ScienceDaily (Apr. 14, 2009) For the first time, scientists have isolated the parasite Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia) from professional apiaries suffering from honey bee colony depopulation syndrome. They then went on to treat the infection with complete success.
In a study published in the new journal from the Society for Applied Microbiology: Environmental Microbiology Reports, scientists from Spain analysed two apiaries and found evidence of honey bee colony depopulation syndrome (also known as colony collapse disorder in the USA). They found no evidence of any other cause of the disease (such as the Varroa destructor, IAPV or pesticides), other than infection with Nosema ceranae. The researchers then treated the infected surviving under-populated colonies with the antibiotic drug, flumagillin and demonstrated complete recovery of all infected colonies.
The loss of honey bees could have an enormous horticultural and economic impact worldwide. Honeybees are important pollinators of crops, fruit and wild flowers and are indispensable for a sustainable and profitable agriculture as well as for the maintenance of the non-agricultural ecosystem. Honeybees are attacked by numerous pathogens including viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.
For most of these diseases, the molecular pathogenesis is poorly understood, hampering the development of new ways to prevent and combat honeybee diseases. So, any progress made in identifying causes and subsequent treatments of honey bee colony collapse is invaluable. There have been other hypothesis for colony collapse in Europe and the USA, but never has this bug been identified as the primary cause in professional apiaries.
Now that we know one strain of parasite that could be responsible, we can look for signs of infection and treat any infected colonies before the infection spreads said Dr Higes, principle researcher.
This finding could help prevent the continual decline in honey bee population which has recently been seen in Europe and the USA.
Please keep in mind that parasites attack weakened living tissue. Since Colony Collapse Disorder is relatively recent and not a normal way of life for the bees, then something must be weakening the bees in the first place.
On the other hand, when we google Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia), the information on this parasite has proliferated quite extensively due to much experimentation; it seems to be occuring specifically in Apis mellifera, bees. This emergent pathogen almost seems to be engineered to attack bees. (See Experimental Infection of Apis Mellifera Honeybees with Nosema ceranae)
In fact, according to the following report, Widespread dispersal of the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an emergent pathogen of the western honey bee, Apis mellifera, this information has already been known for a few years. Please stay tuned for further updates. Thanks for your time.
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